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    淄博新航道 > 雅思資訊 > 劍橋雅思真題9閱讀核心同義替換之C10-T3-R3


    來源:      瀏覽:      發布日期:2018-07-04 17:49


    1. 題干:A 3,000-year-oldburial ground of a seafaring people called the Lapita
    has been found on an abandoned 27on the Pacific
    island of Efate.(C10-T3-R3 T27)
    原文:An agricultural worker, digging in the grounds of a derelict plantation,
    scraped open a grave-the first dozens in a burial ground some 3,000 years
    3,000-year-old --- 3,000 years old
    Burial ground --- a burial ground
    Abandoned --- derelict
    2. 題干:The cemetery, which is a significant 28, was uncovered
    accidentally by an agricultural worker.(C10-T3-R3 T28)
    原文:An important archaeological discovery on the island of Efate in the
    Pacific archipelago of Vanuatu has revealed traces of an ancient seafaring
    people, the distant ancestors of today’s Polynesians. The site came to light
    only by chance. An agricultural worker, ……
    Significant --- important
    Uncovered --- revealed
    Accidentally --- by chance
    An agricultural worker --- an agricultural worker
    3. 題干:They took many things with them on their voyages including29
    and tools.(C10-T3-R3 T29)
    原文:They were also pioneers who carried with them everything they would
    need to build new lives-their livestock, taro seedlings and stone tools.
    Took --- carried
    Many things --- everything
    Tools --- stone tools
    3. 題干:Spriggs believes the 30which wasfound at the site is
    very important since it confirms that the 31found inside
    are Lapita.(C10-T3-R3 T30)
    原文: Other items included a Lapita burial urn with modelled birds
    arranged on the rim as though peering down at the human remains sealed
    inside. ‘It's an important discovery’, says Matthew Spriggs,……
    Spriggs --- Spriggs
    Found --- discovery
    Was --- a
    5. 題干:Spriggs believes the 30which was found at the site is
    very important since it confirms that the 31found inside
    are Lapita.(C10-T3-R3 T31)
    原文: ‘It's an important discovery’, says Matthew Spriggs, professor of
    archaeology at the Australian National University and head of the
    international team digging up the site, ‘for it conclusively identifies the
    remains as Lapita.’
    Spriggs --- Spriggs
    Was found --- digging up
    At the site --- the site
    Confirms --- identifies
    6. 題干:According to the writer, there are difficulties explaining how the
    Lapita accomplished their journeys because little information relating to his
    period can be relied upon for accuracy.(C10-T3-R3 T32)
    原文:No-one has found one of their canoes or any rigging, which could
    reveal how the canoes were sailed. Nor do the oral histories and traditions
    of later Polynesians offer any insights, for they turn into myths long before
    they reach as far back in time as the Lapita.
    Explaining --- found / reveal / offer any insights
    How…accomplished their journeys --- how the canoes were sailed
    Because --- for
    Little information --- turn into myths
    Period --- time
    7. 題干:According to the sixth paragraph, what was extraordinary about the
    Lapita? They sailed beyond the point where land was visible.
    (C10-T3-R3 T33)
    原文:The real adventure didn’t begin, however, until their Lapita
    descendants sailed out of sight of land, with empty horizons on every side.
    …… Certainly it distinguished them from their ancestors, ……
    Extraordinary --- distinguished them from
    Beyond the point where land was visible --- out of sight of land
    8. 題干:What does ‘This’ refer to in the seventh paragraph? the Lapita’s
    belief they would be able to return home.(C10-T3-R3 T34)
    原文:They could sail out for days into the unknown and assess the area,
    secure in the knowledge that if they didn’t find anything, they could turn
    about and catch a swift ride back on the trade winds. This is what would
    have made the whole thing work.’.
    This --- This
    Belief --- secure in the knowledge
    Be able to --- could
    Return home --- ride back
    9. 題干:According to the eighth paragraph, how was the geography of the
    region significant? It provided a navigational aid for the Lapita.(C10-T3-R3
    原文:For returning explorers, successful or not, the geography of their own
    archipelagos would have provided a safety net.
    Geography --- geography
    Provided --- provided
    A navigational aid --- a safety net
    10.題干:It is now clear that the Lapita could sail into a prevailing wind.
    (C10-T3-R3 T36)
    原文:……:the Lapita had mastered the advanced art of sailing against the
    wind. ‘And there’s no proof they could do any such thing,’Anderson says.
    Clear --- no proof
    Could --- mastered the advanced art / could
    Artificial objects --- technical objects
    Sail --- sailing / do
    Into a prevailing wind --- against the wind /any such thing
    11.題干:Extreme climate conditions may have played a role in Lapita
    migration. (C10-T3-R3 T37)
    原文:El Nino, the same climate disruption that affects the Pacific today,
    may have helped scatter the Lapita, Anderson suggests. He points out that
    climate data obtained from slow-growing corals around the Pacific indicate
    a series of unusually frequent El Niño’s around the time of the Lapita
    Extreme climate conditions --- El Nino / climate disruption / El Niño’s
    Played a role --- affects / indicate
    Lapitamigration --- scatter the Lapita / Lapita expansion
        12. 題干:The Lapita learnt to predict the duration of El Ninos.(C10-T3-R3-T38)
    原文:By reversing the regular east-to-west flow of the trade windsfor
    weeks at a time, these ‘super El Niño’s’ might have taken the Lapita on
    long unplanned voyages.
    Learnt to predict --- reversing……forweeks at a time
    Duration --- regular east-to-west flow of the trade winds
    El Ninos --- super El Niño’s
    13.題干:It remains unclear why the Lapita halted their expansion across the
    Pacific.(C10-T3-R3 T39)
    原文:However they did it, the Lapita spread themselves a third of the way
    across the Pacific, then called it quits for reasons known only to them.
    Remains unclear --- known only to them
    Why --- reasons
    Halted --- quits
    Across the Pacific --- across the Pacific
    14.題干:It is likely that the majority of Lapita settled on Fiji.(C10-T3-R3 T39)
    原文:They probably never numbered more than a few thousand in total,
    and in their rapid migration eastward they encountered hundreds of
    islands-more than 300 in Fiji alone.
    Likely --- probably
    Fiji --- Fiji alone

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